Tag Archives: Education in Nigeria

Despite Of Measures Question Of Education Inequality Remains In EU

The problem is not fixed. The growing number of educational inequalities can pose threat to the initiative of development in the European Union. The recently published report of the Education and Training Monitor has raised key concern of education inequality in the society. It is evident from the report that there is lack of balance among the members of the EU too.

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The report says, “youth unemployment, poverty and marginalization remain high,” the report also notes, and “one if four adults in Europe is caught in a low-skills trap.”

From the study of Education and Training Monitor we understand that currently 38% of the European youths complete their post high school degree, diploma and certificate courses. In 2011 the percentage was 34.8%. It also shows that the present school drop-out rate is 11.1 in contrast to the 13.4% in 2011. Although EU has managed to educate more number of people but the concern for their employability remains. Read on.

Investing In Education Raises Concerns

 

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The ongoing fiscal crisis has already affected the education system. The European Commission in its recently published report says, “Europe is not moving in the right direction fast enough. Educational poverty remains stubbornly embedded, with far too many disadvantaged students, and government investment – crucial to quality education – reveals worrying signs of spending cuts,”

Tibor Navracsics, EU education commissioner in an press conference said, “Sadly, one of the first steps in budget consolidation were cuts in education budgets.”

The observation of European Commission revealed that the 5.3% of the EU’s GDP spend on education compare to the 6% or above to Asia or the other. In this context Tibor said, “The EU is lagging behind in investing in education that could cause a problem because investment in today’s education is also investment in tomorrow’s competitiveness.”

The Issue Of Migration

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The report of the EU Commission has raised an alarm on how migration pose serious threat to the members. EU education commissioner has cautioned about the migration issue. According to him the migration crisis in EU has raised the risk of more challenges. He said, “opportunities and outcomes are still very much determined by people’s socio-economic and immigration background. If we want to integrate those refugees, who will stay in member states, we have to use education as a powerful engine for social integration.” According to him the purpose of education is not limited to providing job only but to make them realise the essence of democracy being a responsible national.

Following The Goal

Europe 2020 programme was launched with the purpose for employment and for the evaluation of the member states training and education system. Similar evaluation is done with EU Pisa or Programme for International Assessment. It is programme which conducts the annual ranking of the education system reported by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The programme Europe 2020 aims to bring down the education drop-out. The other goal of the programme are-

Students Thinking of Goals

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– reduction of training to below 10%
– 95% in early minority learning
– 40% post high school education
– 82 % job to the new graduates
– Lowering the rate of 15% to the study of science and mathematics

Achieving The Goal

The question of education inequality remains despite of the measures taken by the European Union. The several factors affecting the economy in the region has raised the issue of employability. The refugee crisis is one major area of concern need immediate resolution. Although the measures taken by EU Commission has shown encouraging developments.

So what do you think about the issue of educating special students in EU? Share your valuable insights with me.

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Many Recommendations Passed on to the Government for Improvement of Education System in Nigeria

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In order to enable Nigeria comply with global standards, education system in the country must be fixed, says Foluso Phillips, the Chairman of the 20th Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG).

Mr Foluso Phillips chaired the summit that aims to revamp, rebuild and re-enforce the education sector to boost the future prospects of the country.

He said that the economy of Nigeria is not looking healthy and that is the main reason for lots of hue and cries about unemployment.

Mr Phillips pointed out, “Over the last 20 -30 years Nigeria’s level of industrialisation has gone down, which makes the reduction in creative skills,”

Speaking to the breakfast programme of Channels Television ‘Sunrise Daily’, Mr. Phillips persisted with his views on need for a change in planning to prompt huge demand of skill and labour to decrease the unemployment rate in Nigeria.

He called on the federal government to provide attention on the Nigeria’s education system and look into the curriculum and teachers training programmes.

At the just concluded Nigerian Economic Summit, a number of recommendations were made. Ifechukwu Nnatuanya, Co-Founder of Every Nigerian Child Project, has shown confidence that recommendations would surely be implemented by the federal government.

In conversation on Channels Television, Mr. Nnatuanya said, “If anyone thinks it’s going to be business as usual, they’re going to be wrong.”

There were several recommendations and plenty of initiatives that are in progress. He said that calling the general quality of Nigerian graduates as low is a comprehensive statement. According to him, measuring and maintaining these statistics is tough and the available records are nothing more than estimates.

In an attempt to prove that there are exceptions when one talks about the quality of Nigerian schools graduates, Nnatuanya mentioned about the public school students who have demonstrated great intellectual capacity in comparison to the private school students.

However, there are doubts that when the recommendations of the summit be given to the Federal Executive Council, they may set up review committees, which may cause delay in their implementation.

A lot of issues have been brought to the knowledge of public through discussions at the summit. What Nigerian people need is to follow up on the Government’s activities in regard to the implementation of the issues.

The Citizen-led assessment programme is something that Nnatuanya’s group has extensively been working on. The system is designed to ensure involvement of more Nigerians into improvement of educational standard of their own country.

The project was at first introduced in Pakistan, where it worked well. After the success in Pakistan, it was subsequently exported to many other countries, including African nations.

There is a need to improve the Nigerian curriculum, which can only be done if the universities are given 70 percent autonomy to develop their own courses. By doing so, some universities would put focus on the Science and Technology, while some would be able to come up with great social science curriculum.

Undoubtedly, it would be lot easier for Nigerian schools to teach the courses which they have designed themselves. Change can be tough, but by looking at the enthusiasm and honest efforts of the Nigerians, it is certain that Nigeria would one day achieve their objective.

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Nigeria Grants $758m for Improvement of Women’s Education

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Today education has become mandatory for everyone irrespective of their gender or social standing. Education for women has gained much prominence and many people are working towards its development. However, we need to take more steps in order to improve women’s education in the urban areas as well as in the rural regions. Governments of different nations always ensure that the necessary support is provided to the deprived groups. Hence grants and subsidies are offered by the government for the fundamental education of women. The main objective is to provide required education to women and enable them to compete with men for the best job opportunities in various professional fields.

Governments of different countries award special grants to women as the number of female students is usually less than male students, especially in the developing nations and the third world countries. Such programmes help to increase the enrolment of girls in schools and empower them to create new social, financial and educational resources for their communities. Recently, the Federal Government of Nigeria had granted N113.75 ($758 million) for the development of girl-child education programmes in the country.

Dr. Precious Gbeneol, the Senior Assistant to the President on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), has said “The MDG has initiated programmes to help Nigeria achieve Universal Basic Education with focus on the issues of quality, capacity, access and relevance,” while launching the distribution of 3 million exercise books for free to the students in the 36 states of the federation and the FCT.

Gbeneol further said, “The MDGs made available over N113.75 billion of debt relief to the Federal Ministry of Education from 2006 to date, to implement various programmes. The programmes include the girl child education, National Programme on Almajiri, support to the National Teachers Institute and support to UBEC for the Federal Teachers Scheme (FTS).’’

She stated that over 15,000 high impact projects were executed and N26.1 billion was effectively invested in almost 261 local government areas. These projects are concentrated in the area of water and sanitation, health, agriculture, income generation and education sectors. Around 12,342 water and sanitation projects have been successfully executed across the nation. Moreover, 5,206 health facilities have also been constructed, equipped and renovated. Gbeneol also affirmed that almost 68,430 health workers have also been trained so that they can help in providing efficient health services. In addition, financial support has also been offered to 1,704 beneficiaries for the establishment of agriculture enterprises. Apart from these, the launch of the distribution of free exercise books was a step forward towards achieving one of the most important and mandatory objectives of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for the development of universal primary education.

Dr Precious Gbeneol said, “I am convinced that the free exercise books, when distributed, will further ease the burden of the benefiting poor families. It will also stimulate the interest of the pupils themselves to embrace education and quit street life.”

She affirmed that several efforts were being made by the MDGs office to make sure that both male and female students would successfully complete a full primary education course by 2015. These efforts by the Federal Government, as well as the UBEC, would help in increasing the standard of education in Nigeria. The MDGs are committed to shattering the cycle of poverty and developing the lives of the deprived and unfortunate.

These types of grants for women’s education will not only increase the literacy rate but it will also boost the number of women in the work field. As a result, this will eventually lead to improving the nation’s economy.

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Technology Helping To Solve Education Problems In Nigeria

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The education scenario in Nigeria has suffered many blows in the past and due socio-economic and political upheaval, the educational infrastructure in Nigeria never really got the opportunity to blossom. As an educator, I have been following the education trends in various countries around the world, but the Nigerian education scenario comes across as appalling at times. However, there are technology firms, who are taking great initiatives to better the education scenario in the country.

In 2013, Intel and Airtel took initiatives to solve a few of the educational problems in Nigeria. While Intel made an effort to provide low cost and free digital learning resources, Airtel Nigeria fulfilled its pledge for the ‘Goal for Education’ campaign and donated stationary to schools in Nigeria. In my eyes these were extremely meaning steps taken tech giants to help the country upgrade the sector.

However, another serious problem that the Nigerian education system faces is the dearth of capable educators. There are too many students in schools and colleges but there are hardly any teachers to hold class. This year, Mavis Computel, a technology firm, has taken its first steps to address this very problem with digital help. The head operations and corporate strategy at Mavis Computel, Chizaram Ucheaga, says that the company will start with Nigeria before addressing other nations.

On reading this piece of information, I was extremely delighted to see how technology is slowly being able to help the Nigerian education system in various ways.

“One of the main challenges we are trying to solve is the dearth of quality teachers – first in Nigeria and other countries.” – Chizaram Ucheaga, Head of Corporate Strategy and Operations, Mavis Computel

The company has on sale a product called a Smartpen. This product has audiobooks loaded on it with the help from distributors both within the country and abroad. The demand for these books, to hit the market, has already started pouring in. Chizaram Ucheaga, Head of Corporate Strategy and Operations, Mavis Computel, says that the product will soon be available at physical retail shops through resellers, across Nigeria and will also be made available in online channels and school bookstores. He also added that the solution was also quite affordable.

 “The solution is affordable when compared with the cost and effort involved in getting a language teacher for your private tutoring. Plus, unlike the teacher, it doesn’t get tired. Additionally, people can come together in groups to buy it to reduce the cost per person. Our goal is to get the solution to as many learners as possible. One Smartpen can be loaded with many talking books and talking posters. The Smartpen is NGN29,500 (US$185) and each talking book – about 60 pages – is NGN4,800 (US$30). So the basic pack is NGN34,300 (US$215), with volume discounts available for large orders.”- Chizaram Ucheaga, Head of Corporate Strategy and Operations, Mavis Computel

This product has been tested in Nigeria and has been demonstrated in other countries, like Kenya. These talking books may just be the solution to the dearth of quality teachers in Nigeria. In my perspective, this is just a mini step taken towards addressing the problem of fewer teachers, but it is definitely a strong step.

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Nigeria Learning To Improve!

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Lack of proper resource and appropriate guidance are major obstacles toward learning. Social upheavals and violence, in addition, are reasons why a large section of population remains bereft from enlightenment in developing regions. So, instead of huge demand for knowledge, Nigeria failed to provide education to the most for years.

Scarcity of qualified teachers and poor quality of edification has been keeping Nigerians away from enlightenment for years. But a few right actions taken by the administrative power can change the scenario to a great extent. Initiatives taken by the government in Nigeria lately to improve the educational quality are examples of remarkable actions. Measures adopted to boost e-learning and making education free at all levels will hopefully drive the nation toward better academic standard in near future!

 

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A few steps toward a brighter future…

With the introduction of the Federal Teachers’ Scheme and Nationwide Capacity building in 2006, the problem regarding under-qualified tutors and dire quality education improved a bit at primary levels. The project called “Tablet of Knowledge” is also a creditable step to provide students with an enriched environment and recent announcement of Kano’s Governor to make education free of cost is a landmark endeavor. But the battle for the nation is at initial stage and it’s still a long way ahead for Nigerian education system.    

Observing the demand for knowledge of Nigerian learners and the nations obstacles toward providing it, World Bank decided to invest to improve the education system and launch a support for the Nigerian Government to enhance the security system inside the country. Nigeria State Education Program Investment Project (SEPIP) is a $150 million project assuring better instructor deployment and school management. “Investing in people is an essential part of Nigeria’s strategy to reduce poverty and achieve steady economic growth,” said Marie-Francoise Marie-Nelly, World Bank Country Director for Nigeria, “I am delighted that we are supporting better schooling and earning prospects for millions of children and young people, while also cushioning some of the poorest families through a stronger social safety net system.”

More effective strategies are required…

 

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But initiatives taken by some institutions may not resolve the issue of inadequate funding. And e-learning can only reward the nation with impressive results when tutors of the country provide right guidance. So, practical measures to recover from the present status have become imperative. Strikes demanding improvement that received huge support from various unions over the years in Nigeria haven’t generated any impressive outcome so far. It has changed a little but wasted a lot.

  • A budget for reasonable investment is essential. Maximize the opportunities utilizing the small endowments is what the government should focus on.
  • Individual attempt and funding could also bring about great opportunities for the countrymen. Initiatives taken by a larger group of audience will only help to fast-track the growth of the entire nation. 
  • Innovative ideas to make most of the limited resource can help the country optimize the potential of new age learning. Viable and indigenous strategies to enhance scopes and revamp the sector would be appreciable.     
  • For instance, imposing a small percentage educational tax on import or a rule for the working professional to invest a nominal amount from their salary into education will help the education sector receive a good amount for improvement.    

Monitoring the process is even more important as only collection of money may not resolve the issues. Transparent communication, reasonable actions and proper implementation are important parts of any plan. Supervision of the top agencies and government must be employed in order to materialize the dream of forming an enlightened nation.  

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Is Nigeria the Right Career Building Destination for an Individual?

With the drastic decline of the oil market during the early 80s along with the initiation of the Structural Adjustment Programme, the state of education in Nigeria was affected to a good extent. There were severe reductions in the expenditure required for education in the country. The consequences got so worse that a huge number of teachers in the Nigerian schools, colleges and universities were not paid salaries. This further resulted in the declination of educational facilities, and many schools and universities went on strikes. For obvious reasons, Nigeria’s literacy rates fell drastically.

It was during the colonial era that the state of education in Nigeria started developing. Once the World War II ended, the western education system was initiated in the Christian missionaries during the middle of the 19th century. It was the year 1990 when three firm education systems were established on the Nigerian soil – European-style educational organization, the Quranic schools and the Indigenous system. In the year 1934, higher education was introduced for the first time in Nigeria.

Now, one must know how to confront the challenges of pursuing education in Nigeria. The following things should be done:

  • Sufficient resources should be introduced so that new schools can be established and qualified teachers can be recruited.
  • Big issues must be dealt related to the number of teachers, size of classes as well as provision of study materials.
  • Investment should be massive in setting academic infrastructures.
  • School curriculums should be reviewed and modified in order to encourage the learning system.
  • Poverty should be eradicated by taking effective measures.

Nigeria is sure to see better days and it is possible only through Education. Education is the backbone of every economy. And these days with the advancement of technology it is possible to learn from reputed universities through distance learning in Nigeria. So these evolution in learning systems will help Nigeria’s economy as a whole by increasing the number of educated citizens in Nigeria.

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Present Education System in Nigeria

In today’s dwindling economic world education has become the only safe investment that is going to pay you off in times of need. It is the only resource through which a country can attain some sustainable development. However, in places like Nigeria the condition of education is regrettably poor.

In Nigeria, there are three levels of learning, primary, secondary and tertiary levels. In fact the nursery is the first level that comes before primary but most of the families in Nigeria are so poor that they cannot afford to send their wards to the nursery schools.

The primary level starts at the age of 6 years and the child graduates 6 years later, at the age of 12 years, and are awarded the First School Leaving Certificate. Primary education in Nigeria is free and compulsory. Even though the parents have to bear the expenses of the uniforms and the other charges levied by the schools, the government pays for the education.

The secondary level girls and boys are usually sent to separate schools. But there are co-educational schools as well. After successfully completing of each phase which last for 3 years the student are awarded with Junior Secondary School Examination and a Senior Secondary School Certificate respectively.

The education system in Nigeria does not provided much scope for regular higher education. Therefore the interested students are becoming more and more interested in the online learning programs. Through them the student are able to fulfill their dreams without having to spend a fortune on it.

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